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Brain Inj. 2017;31(9):1195-1203. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2017.1357836.

Biofluid biomarkers of traumatic brain injury.

Author information

1
a Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Genetics , Uniformed Services University , Bethesda , MD , USA.
2
b Department of Neuroscience , Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.
3
c VA Northwest Network Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center , Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System , Seattle , WA , USA.
4
d Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center , Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System , Seattle , WA , USA.
5
e Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , University of Washington , Seattle , WA , USA.

Abstract

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this paper is to review the clinical and research utility and applications of blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and cerebral microdialysis biomarkers in traumatic brain injury (TBI).

RESEARCH DESIGN:

Not applicable.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES:

A selective review was performed on these biofluid biomarkers in TBI.

MAIN OUTCOME AND RESULTS:

Neurofilament heavy chain protein (NF-H), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCHL1), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), myelin basic protein (MBP), tau, and s100β blood biomarkers are elevated during the acute phase of severe head trauma but have key limitations in their research and clinical applications to mild TBI (mTBI). CSF biomarkers currently provide the best reflection of the central nervous system (CNS) pathobiological processes in TBI. Both animal and human studies of TBI have demonstrated the importance of serial sampling of biofluids and suggest that CSF biomarkers may be better equipped to characterize both TBI severity and temporal profiles.

CONCLUSIONS:

The identification of biofluid biomarkers could play a vital role in identifying, diagnosing, and treating the underlying individual pathobiological changes of TBI. CNS-derived exosomes analyzed by ultra-high sensitivity detection methods have the potential to identify blood biomarkers for the range of TBI severity and time course.

KEYWORDS:

(that are not already included in title): mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI); cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)

PMID:
28981341
DOI:
10.1080/02699052.2017.1357836
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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