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Brain Res Bull. 2017 Sep;134:177-182. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2017.07.014. Epub 2017 Jul 22.

The protective effect of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on traumatic brain injury (TBI) induced memory deficits in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Neurophysiology research center, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Neurophysiology research center, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: nhosseinmardi@sbmu.ac.ir.
3
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), as an expanding public health epidemic, is a common cause of death among youth. TBI is associated with cognitive deficits and memory impairment. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a novel gaseous mediator, has been recognized as an important neuromodulator and neuroprotective agent in the central nervous system. In the present study the potential neuroprotective role of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), an H2S donor on TBI induced memory deficit in a rat model of controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury was investigated. CCI model was used to induce TBI. Male rats were randomly assigned into the following groups: control, sham, sham treated with NaHS, TBI, and TBI treated with NaHS (3 and 5mg/kg). NaHS was injected intraperitoneally 5min before TBI induction. Learning and memory were assessed using Morris water maze (MWM) on days 8-12 following injury. CCI resulted in MWM deficits. Injured animals showed a slower rate of acquisition with respect to the sham-operated animals [F (1, 24)=13.97, P<0.01, two-way ANOVA]. NaHS improved spatial memory impairment of injured rats. Treatment with NaHS (5 mg/kg) decreased the escape latency [F (1, 24)=7.559, P<0.05, two-way ANOVA] and traveled distance [F (1, 12)=6.398, P<0.05, Two way ANOVA)]. In probe test, injured animals spent less time in target zone (P<0.05, unpaired t-test) and NaHS did not have any effect on this parameter (p>0.05, one way ANOVA). These findings suggest that NaHS has a neuroprotective effect on TBI-induced memory impairment in rats.

KEYWORDS:

Cognitive dysfunction; Hydrogen sulfide; Learning and memory; Traumatic brain injury

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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