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BMC Cancer. 2017 Jun 29;17(1):452. doi: 10.1186/s12885-017-3438-7.

E3 ubiquitin ligase, RNF139, inhibits the progression of tongue cancer.

Author information

1
The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) & Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, 237 Luoyu road, Wuhan, 430079, China.
2
Department of Endodontics, College of Stomatology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, 116044, China.
3
The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) & Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, 237 Luoyu road, Wuhan, 430079, China. tjzbyw2007@163.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Tongue cancer is still one of the leading causes of mortality around the world. Recently, the ubiquitin system has been established as a critical modulator of tumors. In order to find the oral cancer related E3 ubiquitin ligases, we screened the human E3 ubiquitin ligase library and found that RING finger protein 139 (RNF139) regulated the biological behavior of tongue cancer cells.

METHODS:

MTT assay was used to analyze the cell viability changes of tongue cancer SCC9 and SCC25 cells caused by RNF139. The invasion ability of SCC9 and SCC25 cells with or without the knockdown of RNF139 was evaluated through transwell assay. The immunoblotting was recruited to determine the expression level of RNF139 in human tongue cancer tissues and para-carcinoma tissues. The effect of RNF139 on tumorigenicity of tongue cancer cells was analyzed by xenograft model on immunodeficient Balb/c nude mice.

RESULTS:

Overexpression of RNF139 inhibits the viability of tongue cancer cells since day 2. The colony formation ability of SCC9 and SCC25 cells was also decreased with the overexpression of RNF139. Knockdown of RNF139 significantly promoted the invasion ability of SCC9 and SCC25 cells. Furthermore, knockdown of RNF139 also induced the activation of AKT signaling pathway. While human tongue cancer tissues had low expression of RNF139. In nude mice, knockdown of RNF139 promoted the tumorigenicity of the SCC25 cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data establish a role for RNF139 in regulating the progression of tongue cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Cell viability; Invasion; RNF139; SCC25 cells; Tongue cancer

PMID:
28662643
PMCID:
PMC5493000
DOI:
10.1186/s12885-017-3438-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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