Send to

Choose Destination
Nucleic Acids Res. 2017 Jul 3;45(W1):W484-W489. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkx462.

LimTox: a web tool for applied text mining of adverse event and toxicity associations of compounds, drugs and genes.

Author information

Spanish National Bioinformatics Institute Unit, Structural Biology and BioComputing Programme, Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Madrid 28029, Spain.
Small Molecule Discovery Platform, Molecular Therapeutics Program, Center for Applied Medical Research (CIMA), University of Navarra, Pamplona 31008, Spain.
Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Joint BSC-CRG-IRB, Research Program in Computational Biology, BSC-CRG-IRB, Barcelona 08028, Spain.
Life Science Department, Barcelona Supercomputing Centre (BSC-CNS), 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), 08010 Barcelona, Spain.
Biological Text Mining Unit, Structural Biology and BioComputing Programme, Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Madrid 28029, Spain.


A considerable effort has been devoted to retrieve systematically information for genes and proteins as well as relationships between them. Despite the importance of chemical compounds and drugs as a central bio-entity in pharmacological and biological research, only a limited number of freely available chemical text-mining/search engine technologies are currently accessible. Here we present LimTox (Literature Mining for Toxicology), a web-based online biomedical search tool with special focus on adverse hepatobiliary reactions. It integrates a range of text mining, named entity recognition and information extraction components. LimTox relies on machine-learning, rule-based, pattern-based and term lookup strategies. This system processes scientific abstracts, a set of full text articles and medical agency assessment reports. Although the main focus of LimTox is on adverse liver events, it enables also basic searches for other organ level toxicity associations (nephrotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, thyrotoxicity and phospholipidosis). This tool supports specialized search queries for: chemical compounds/drugs, genes (with additional emphasis on key enzymes in drug metabolism, namely P450 cytochromes-CYPs) and biochemical liver markers. The LimTox website is free and open to all users and there is no login requirement. LimTox can be accessed at:

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center