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Nat Protoc. 2017 Jun;12(6):1110-1135. doi: 10.1038/nprot.2017.026. Epub 2017 May 4.

Using hyperLOPIT to perform high-resolution mapping of the spatial proteome.

Author information

1
Cambridge Centre for Proteomics, Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
2
Computational Proteomics Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
3
Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
4
Celgene Institute for Translational Research Europe (CITRE), Seville, Spain.

Abstract

The organization of eukaryotic cells into distinct subcompartments is vital for all functional processes, and aberrant protein localization is a hallmark of many diseases. Microscopy methods, although powerful, are usually low-throughput and dependent on the availability of fluorescent fusion proteins or highly specific and sensitive antibodies. One method that provides a global picture of the cell is localization of organelle proteins by isotope tagging (LOPIT), which combines biochemical cell fractionation using density gradient ultracentrifugation with multiplexed quantitative proteomics mass spectrometry, allowing simultaneous determination of the steady-state distribution of hundreds of proteins within organelles. Proteins are assigned to organelles based on the similarity of their gradient distribution to those of well-annotated organelle marker proteins. We have substantially re-developed our original LOPIT protocol (published by Nature Protocols in 2006) to enable the subcellular localization of thousands of proteins per experiment (hyperLOPIT), including spatial resolution at the suborganelle and large protein complex level. This Protocol Extension article integrates all elements of the hyperLOPIT pipeline, including an additional enrichment strategy for chromatin, extended multiplexing capacity of isobaric mass tags, state-of-the-art mass spectrometry methods and multivariate machine-learning approaches for analysis of spatial proteomics data. We have also created an open-source infrastructure to support analysis of quantitative mass-spectrometry-based spatial proteomics data (http://bioconductor.org/packages/pRoloc) and an accompanying interactive visualization framework (http://www. bioconductor.org/packages/pRolocGUI). The procedure we outline here is applicable to any cell culture system and requires ∼1 week to complete sample preparation steps, ∼2 d for mass spectrometry data acquisition and 1-2 d for data analysis and downstream informatics.

PMID:
28471460
DOI:
10.1038/nprot.2017.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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