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Biofouling. 2016 Nov;32(10):1171-1183.

In vitro and in vivo efficacy of rosmarinic acid on quorum sensing mediated biofilm formation and virulence factor production in Aeromonas hydrophila.

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a Department of Biotechnology , Alagappa University , Karaikudi , India.
b Department of Animal Health and Management , Alagappa University , Karaikudi , India.


Rosmarinic acid (RA) was assessed for its quorum sensing inhibitory (QSI) potential against Aeromonas hydrophila strains AH 1, AH 12 and MTCC 1739. The pathogenic strains of A. hydrophila were isolated from infected zebrafish and identified through biochemical analysis and amplification of a species-specific gene (rpsL). The biofilm inhibitory concentration (BIC) of RA against A. hydrophila strains was found to be 750 μg ml-1. At this concentration, RA reduced the QS mediated hemolysin, lipase and elastase production in A. hydrophila. In FT-IR analysis, RA treated A. hydrophila cells showed a reduction in cellular components. Gene expression analysis confirmed the down-regulation of virulence genes such as ahh1, aerA, lip and ahyB. A. hydrophila infected zebrafish upon treatment with RA showed increased survival rates. Thus, the present study demonstrates the use of RA as a plausible phytotherapeutic compound to control QS mediated biofilm formation and virulence factor production in A. hydrophila.


Aeromonas hydrophila; biofilm; quorum sensing; rosmarinic acid; virulence factors; zebrafish

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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