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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2017 Feb 1;1043:150-157. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2016.09.029. Epub 2016 Sep 22.

Sample preparation procedures utilized in microbial metabolomics: An overview.

Author information

1
Medical University of Gdańsk, Department of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacodynamics, Al. Gen. J. Hallera 107, 80-416 Gdańsk, Poland.
2
Medical University of Gdańsk, Department of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacodynamics, Al. Gen. J. Hallera 107, 80-416 Gdańsk, Poland. Electronic address: markusz@gumed.edu.pl.

Abstract

Bacteria are remarkably diverse in terms of their size, structure and biochemical properties. Due to this fact, it is hard to develop a universal method for handling bacteria cultures during metabolomic analysis. The choice of suitable processing methods constitutes a key element in any analysis, because only appropriate selection of procedures may provide accurate results, leading to reliable conclusions. Because of that, every analytical experiment concerning bacteria requires individually and very carefully planned research methodology. Although every study varies in terms of sample preparation, there are few general steps to follow while planning experiment, like sampling, separation of cells from growth medium, stopping their metabolism and extraction. As a result of extraction, all intracellular metabolites should be washed out from cell environment. What is more, extraction method utilized cannot cause any chemical decomposition or degradation of the metabolome. Furthermore, chosen extraction method should correlate with analytical technique, so it will not disturb or prolong following sample preparation steps. For those reasons, we observe a need to summarize sample preparation procedures currently utilized in microbial metabolomic studies. In the presented overview, papers concerning analysis of extra- and intracellular metabolites, published over the last decade, have been discussed. Presented work gives some basic guidelines that might be useful while planning experiments in microbial metabolomics.

KEYWORDS:

Bacteria; Extracellular metabolites; Intracellular metabolites; Metabolomics; Sample preparation

PMID:
27693061
DOI:
10.1016/j.jchromb.2016.09.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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