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Prev Vet Med. 2016 Aug 1;130:60-6. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.05.008. Epub 2016 May 17.

Indigenous knowledge of pastoralists on respiratory diseases of camels in northern Kenya.

Author information

1
Kenya Arid & Semi-Arid Lands (KASAL) Research Programme, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kenya; Joint Master Programme in Transboundary Animal Disease Management (MTADM), Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia and Freie Universität Berlin, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Sidai Africa (Kenya) Limited, Kenya. Electronic address: dibadd@gmail.com.
2
Kenya Arid & Semi-Arid Lands (KASAL) Research Programme, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Kenya. Electronic address: marioyounan@gmail.com.
3
Joint Master Programme in Transboundary Animal Disease Management (MTADM), Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia and Freie Universität Berlin, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Addis Ababa University, Institute of Biotechnology, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Electronic address: tesfu74@yahoo.com.
4
Vétérinaires sans Frontières (VSF) Suisse, Kenya Programme, VSF-Suisse Regional Office Nairobi, Kenya. Electronic address: igluecks@gmail.com.
5
Joint Master Programme in Transboundary Animal Disease Management (MTADM), Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia and Freie Universität Berlin, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; FAO Reference Centre for Veterinary Public Health (VPH), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: maximilian.baumann@fu-berlin.de.

Abstract

The camel disease terminology of pastoralists in northern Kenya differentiates between two respiratory disease complexes of camels. Participatory epidemiology data were collected in 2011 in three camel keeping communities (Gabra, Garri, and Somali) and analysed to assess the validity of this differentiation. Further queries assessed recurrence of the disease in the same animal, most affected age group, relative frequency of occurrence, morbidity rates, mortality rates and response to antibiotic treatment. Based on matrix scoring the cardinal symptom nasal discharge was significantly correlated with Respiratory Disease Complex 1 (RDC1; Somali Hergeb, Gabra & Garri Furri) while cough was correlated with Respiratory Disease Complex 2 (RDC2; Somali Dhuguta, Gabra Qufa, Garri Dhugud). RDC1 appears to occur regularly every year and does not respond to antibiotic treatments while outbreaks of RDC2 are only observed at intervals of several years and treated cases do generally respond to antibiotics. While RDC1 is more severe in calves, RDC 2 is mostly associated with respiratory disease in adults. Elements of this differentiation appear to be in agreement with other authors who differentiate between camel influenza (PI3 virus) and bacterial camel pneumonia, respectively.

KEYWORDS:

Camel; Indigenous knowledge; Northern Kenya; Participatory epidemiology; Respiratory Disease Complex 1 and 2

PMID:
27435647
DOI:
10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.05.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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