Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Front Psychiatry. 2016 Jun 14;7:95. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2016.00095. eCollection 2016.

Updates and Current Perspectives of Psychiatric Assessments after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Neuromodulation, Center for Clinical Research Learning, Harvard Medical School (HMS), Charlestown, MA, USA; Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University São Paulo (USP-SP), São Paulo, Brazil.
2
Department of Neurology, School of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP) , Campinas , Brazil.
3
Laboratory of Neuromodulation, Center for Clinical Research Learning, Harvard Medical School (HMS) , Charlestown, MA , USA.
4
Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University São Paulo (USP-SP) , São Paulo , Brazil.
5
Division of Psychology, School of Medicine, University São Paulo (USP-SP) , São Paulo , Brazil.

Abstract

Neuropsychological and psychiatric disorders represent a major concern and cause of disabilities after the trauma, contributing to worse recovery after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the lack of well-defined parameters to evaluate patient's psychiatric disorders leads to a wide range of diagnoses and symptoms. The aim of this study was to perform a review of literature in order to gather data of the most common scales and inventories used to assess and diagnose depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after TBI. We conducted a literature search via MEDLINE, PubMed, and Web of Science. We included reviews, systematic reviews, and meta-analysis studies, and we used the following keywords: "traumatic brain injury OR TBI," "depression OR depressive disorder," "anxiety," and "posttraumatic stress disorder OR PTSD." From 610 titles, a total of 68 systematic reviews or meta-analysis were included in the section "Results" of this review: depression (n = 32), anxiety (n = 9), and PTSD (n = 27). Depression after TBI is a more established condition, with more homogeneous studies. Anxiety and PTSD disorders have been studied in a heterogeneous way, usually as comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders. Some scales and inventories designed for the general community may not be appropriate for patients with TBI.

KEYWORDS:

anxiety; assessment; depression; inventory reporting; posttraumatic stress disorder; psychiatry; questionnaires; scales; traumatic brain injury

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Frontiers Media SA Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center