Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Elife. 2016 Mar 28;5. pii: e14107. doi: 10.7554/eLife.14107.

Molecular basis for multimerization in the activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor.

Huang Y1,2,3,4, Bharill S1, Karandur D1,2,3, Peterson SM1,2,3, Marita M5, Shi X5, Kaliszewski MJ5, Smith AW5, Isacoff EY1,2,4,6,7, Kuriyan J1,2,3,4,6,8.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, United States.
2
California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, United States.
3
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, United States.
4
Biophysics Graduate Group, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, United States.
5
Department of Chemistry, University of Akron, Akron, United States.
6
Physical Biosciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, United States.
7
Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, United States.
8
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, United States.

Abstract

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is activated by dimerization, but activation also generates higher-order multimers, whose nature and function are poorly understood. We have characterized ligand-induced dimerization and multimerization of EGFR using single-molecule analysis, and show that multimerization can be blocked by mutations in a specific region of Domain IV of the extracellular module. These mutations reduce autophosphorylation of the C-terminal tail of EGFR and attenuate phosphorylation of phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase, which is recruited by EGFR. The catalytic activity of EGFR is switched on through allosteric activation of one kinase domain by another, and we show that if this is restricted to dimers, then sites in the tail that are proximal to the kinase domain are phosphorylated in only one subunit. We propose a structural model for EGFR multimerization through self-association of ligand-bound dimers, in which the majority of kinase domains are activated cooperatively, thereby boosting tail phosphorylation.

KEYWORDS:

EGFR; biochemistry; biophysics; human; multimerization; stoichiometry; structural biology; xenopus

PMID:
27017828
PMCID:
PMC4902571
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.14107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center