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J Behav Med. 1989 Dec;12(6):525-42.

Psychosocial correlates of alcohol intake among women aged 45 to 64 years: the Framingham Study.

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Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106.


This study of 749 women, aged 45 to 64 years, investigates the psychological, behavioral, and social correlates of alcohol intake. These data from the Framingham Study are uniquely based on a community sample of women, which results in a normative study of drinking behavior in women. Two measures of alcohol intake were utilized in these analyses: (1) the frequency of alcohol intake over 1 week and (2) drinking vs abstaining from alcohol. Among this sample of women, increased socioeconomic status, worrying about aging, and being easily upset were positively associated with frequency of alcohol intake. The rigid attitude scale was the strongest discriminating variable for drinkers vs nondrinkers. Older women were more likely to be nondrinkers compared to younger women, however, among older women, being a homemaker was significantly associated with increased alcohol intake. Contrarily, younger women who were homemakers were more likely to be abstainers than women employed outside the home. As would be expected, cigarette smoking was associated with drinking alcohol.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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