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Sex Transm Infect. 2016 Feb;92(1):19-23. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2014-051977. Epub 2015 Jun 12.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) contamination of gynaecological equipment.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
2
Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland.
3
Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.
4
Unilabs SA, Geneva, Switzerland.
5
Institute of Microbiology, department of laboratories, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.
6
Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The gynaecological environment can become contaminated by human papillomavirus (HPV) from healthcare workers' hands and gloves. This study aimed to assess the presence of HPV on frequently used equipment in gynaecological practice.

METHODS:

In this cross-sectional study, 179 samples were taken from fomites (glove box, lamp of a gynaecological chair, gel tubes for ultrasound, colposcope and speculum) in two university hospitals and in four gynaecological private practices. Samples were collected with phosphate-buffered saline-humidified polyester swabs according to a standardised pattern, and conducted twice per day for 2 days. The samples were analysed by a semiquantitative real-time PCR. Statistical analysis was performed using Pearson's χ(2) test and multivariate regression analysis.

RESULTS:

Thirty-two (18%) HPV-positive samples were found. When centres were compared, there was a higher risk of HPV contamination in gynaecological private practices compared with hospitals (OR 2.69, 95% CI 1.06 to 6.86). Overall, there was no difference in the risk of contamination with respect to the time of day (OR 1.79, 95% CI 0.68 to 4.69). When objects were compared, the colposcope had the highest risk of contamination (OR 3.02, 95% CI 0.86 to 10.57).

CONCLUSIONS:

Gynaecological equipment and surfaces are contaminated by HPV despite routine cleaning. While there is no evidence that contaminated surfaces carry infectious viruses, our results demonstrate the need for strategies to prevent HPV contamination. These strategies, based on health providers' education, should lead to well-established cleaning protocols, adapted to gynaecological rooms, aimed at eliminating HPV material.

KEYWORDS:

ANOGENITAL CANCER; DNA AMPLIFICATION; HPV; INFECTIOUS DISEASES; MODES OF TRANSMISSION

PMID:
26071392
DOI:
10.1136/sextrans-2014-051977
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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