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Methods Enzymol. 2015;555:207-29. doi: 10.1016/bs.mie.2014.11.025. Epub 2015 Jan 13.

Role of hydrogen sulfide in brain synaptic remodeling.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.
2
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA. Electronic address: n0tyag01@louisville.edu.

Abstract

Synapses are the functional connection between neurons which are necessary for the transfer of electric activity or chemical activity from one cell to another. Synapses are formed by the pre- and postsynaptic membrane which communicates between pre- and postneurons while a neurochemical modulator is operated in this process. H2S has been known as a toxic gas with rotten eggs smell. However, increasing number of researches show that it regulate a variety of physiological and pathological processes in mammals. Hence, H2S is a physiologically important molecule and has been referred to as the third gaseous molecule alongside carbon monoxide and nitric oxide. The previous era has made an exponential development in the physiological and pathological significance of H2S. Specifically, in the central nervous system, H2S facilitates long-term potentiation and regulates intracellular calcium concentration in brain cells. We as well as others have also shown that H2S has antioxidant, antiapoptotic, and anti-inflammatory properties against various neurodegenerative disorders such as stroke, Alzheimer's disease, and vascular dementia. In this chapter, we highlight the current knowledge of H2S and its neuroprotective effects with a special emphasis on synaptic remodeling.

KEYWORDS:

Astrocyte; Brain; Hydrogen sulfide; LTP; NMDA; Synapse

PMID:
25747482
PMCID:
PMC4355956
DOI:
10.1016/bs.mie.2014.11.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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