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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Mar 17;112(11):3570-5. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1420294112. Epub 2015 Mar 2.

Boosting CRISPR/Cas9 multiplex editing capability with the endogenous tRNA-processing system.

Author information

1
Department of Plant Pathology and Environmental Microbiology and the Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802.
2
Department of Plant Pathology and Environmental Microbiology and the Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 yuy3@psu.edu.

Abstract

The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 nuclease (Cas9) system is being harnessed as a powerful tool for genome engineering in basic research, molecular therapy, and crop improvement. This system uses a small guide RNA (gRNA) to direct Cas9 endonuclease to a specific DNA site; thus, its targeting capability is largely constrained by the gRNA-expressing device. In this study, we developed a general strategy to produce numerous gRNAs from a single polycistronic gene. The endogenous tRNA-processing system, which precisely cleaves both ends of the tRNA precursor, was engineered as a simple and robust platform to boost the targeting and multiplex editing capability of the CRISPR/Cas9 system. We demonstrated that synthetic genes with tandemly arrayed tRNA-gRNA architecture were efficiently and precisely processed into gRNAs with desired 5' targeting sequences in vivo, which directed Cas9 to edit multiple chromosomal targets. Using this strategy, multiplex genome editing and chromosomal-fragment deletion were readily achieved in stable transgenic rice plants with a high efficiency (up to 100%). Because tRNA and its processing system are virtually conserved in all living organisms, this method could be broadly used to boost the targeting capability and editing efficiency of CRISPR/Cas9 toolkits.

KEYWORDS:

CRISPR/Cas9; genome editing; multiplex; tRNA processing

PMID:
25733849
PMCID:
PMC4371917
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1420294112
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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