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Front Psychol. 2014 Jan 6;4:1003. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.01003. eCollection 2014 Jan 6.

Affordances and the musically extended mind.

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Department of Sociology, Philosophy, and Anthropology, University of Exeter Amory Exeter, UK.


I defend a model of the musically extended mind. I consider how acts of "musicking" grant access to novel emotional experiences otherwise inaccessible. First, I discuss the idea of "musical affordances" and specify both what musical affordances are and how they invite different forms of entrainment. Next, I argue that musical affordances - via soliciting different forms of entrainment - enhance the functionality of various endogenous, emotion-granting regulative processes, drawing novel experiences out of us with an expanded complexity and phenomenal character. I argue that music therefore ought to be thought of as part of the vehicle needed to realize these emotional experiences. I appeal to different sources of empirical work to develop this idea.


affordances; emotion regulation; emotions; extended cognition; music; phenomenology

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