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Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2014 Jan 1;19:181-258.

The triple power of D³: protein intrinsic disorder in degenerative diseases.

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Department of Molecular Medicine, University of South Florida, Morsani College of Medicine, 12901 Bruce B. Downs Blvd, MDC07, Tampa, Florida 33612.


This review is an update of an article published four years ago (Uversky V.N. (2009) Intrinsically disordered proteins in neurodegenerative diseases: another illustration of the D² concept. Frontiers in Bioscience 14, 5188-5238). The major goal of this review is to show the interconnections between intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) and human neurodegeneration. This brings to existence a new D³ concept: protein intrinsic Disorder in neuroDegenerative Diseases. An important aspect of the D³ concept is that it deals with three D³'s, emphasizing that intrinsically Disordered proteins are abundantly found in various neuroDegenerative Diseases (the first D³), that these IDPs provoke neuroDegeneration due to their Dysfunctionality (the second D³), and that neuroDegeneration-related IDPs are often controlled by other Disordered proteins (the third D³).

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