Send to

Choose Destination
Psychon Bull Rev. 1996 Dec;3(4):422-33. doi: 10.3758/BF03214546.

Working memory and language comprehension: A meta-analysis.

Author information

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, L5L 1C6, Mississauga, ON, Canada,


This paper presents a meta-analysis of the data from 6,179 participants in 77 studies that investigated the association between working-memory capacity and language comprehension ability. A primary goal of the meta-analysis was to compare the predictive power of the measures of working memory developed by Daneman and Carpenter (1980) with the predictive power of other measures of working memory. The results of the meta-analysis support Daneman and Carpenter's (1980) claim that measures that tap the combined processing and storage capacity of working memory (e.g., reading span, listening span) are better predictors of comprehension than are measures that tap only the storage capacity (e.g., word span, digit span). The meta-analysis also showed that math process plus storage measures of working memory are good predictors of comprehension. Thus, the superior predictive power of the process plus storage measures is not limited to measures that involve the manipulation of words and sentences.


Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center