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Elife. 2013 Nov 5;2:e01202. doi: 10.7554/eLife.01202.

Expansion of intestinal Prevotella copri correlates with enhanced susceptibility to arthritis.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine and Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, United States.

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a prevalent systemic autoimmune disease, caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Animal models suggest a role for intestinal bacteria in supporting the systemic immune response required for joint inflammation. Here we performed 16S sequencing on 114 stool samples from rheumatoid arthritis patients and controls, and shotgun sequencing on a subset of 44 such samples. We identified the presence of Prevotella copri as strongly correlated with disease in new-onset untreated rheumatoid arthritis (NORA) patients. Increases in Prevotella abundance correlated with a reduction in Bacteroides and a loss of reportedly beneficial microbes in NORA subjects. We also identified unique Prevotella genes that correlated with disease. Further, colonization of mice revealed the ability of P. copri to dominate the intestinal microbiota and resulted in an increased sensitivity to chemically induced colitis. This work identifies a potential role for P. copri in the pathogenesis of RA. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01202.001.

KEYWORDS:

arthritis; autoimmunity; inflammation; metagenomics; microbiome; rheumatoid

PMID:
24192039
PMCID:
PMC3816614
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.01202
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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