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Oncogene. 2014 Jul 24;33(30):3947-58. doi: 10.1038/onc.2013.366. Epub 2013 Sep 9.

Mutations in 3'-long terminal repeat of HERV-W family in chromosome 7 upregulate syncytin-1 expression in urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder through interacting with c-Myb.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Medicine, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Department of Neurobiology, Beijing Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
3
Department of Urology, Zhongnan Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Abstract

Human endogenous retrovirus (HERV) accounts for ∼8% of the human genome. Recent studies have reported that multiple HERV genes and long terminal repeats (LTRs) are involved in human tumorigenesis. Here we demonstrated that HERV-W env (syncytin-1) was overexpressed in 75.6% (62/82) of urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) tissues of the bladder compared with only 6.1% (5/82) of matched tumor-adjacent tissues (P<0.001). Syncytin-1 overexpression increased proliferation and viability of immortalized human uroepithelial cells. Colony-formation experiments and in-vivo tumor xenografts suggested that syncytin-1 overexpression had oncogenic potential. Syncytin-1 3'-LTR mutations (142T>C and 277A>G) were present in 87.8% (72/82) of UCC tissues. Normal 3'-LTR was found in 12.2% (10/82) of UCC tissues compared with 95.1% (78/82) of matched tumor-adjacent tissues (P<0.001). Interestingly, 3'-LTR mutations were significantly associated with syncytin-1 overexpression. Luciferase assay and expression analysis revealed that 3'-LTR mutations, especially the 142T>C mutation, enhanced the syncytin-1 promoter activity and expression. In-silico analysis, electrophoretic mobility shift assays and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated the binding of c-Myb to 3'-LTRs when the mutations occurred. This alternative interaction was found to be dependent on 142T>C mutation. C-Myb activated syncytin-1 promoter activity and expression by binding to mutant 3'-LTRs. Taken together, these data indicate that syncytin-1 overexpression may be an indicator of UCC risk. The 3'-LTR mutations may upregulate syncytin-1 expression, enabling it to participate in UCC tumorigenesis and development by interacting with c-Myb.

PMID:
24013223
DOI:
10.1038/onc.2013.366
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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