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Am J Ind Med. 2014 May;57(5):573-86. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22221. Epub 2013 Jun 27.

Discrimination, harassment, abuse, and bullying in the workplace: contribution of workplace injustice to occupational health disparities.

Author information

1
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This paper synthesizes research on the contribution of workplace injustices to occupational health disparities.

METHODS:

We conducted a broad review of research and other reports on the impact of workplace discrimination, harassment, and bullying on workers' health and on family and job outcomes.

RESULTS:

Members of demographic minority groups are more likely to be victims of workplace injustice and suffer more adverse outcomes when exposed to workplace injustice compared to demographic majority groups. A growing body of research links workplace injustice to poor psychological and physical health, and a smaller body of evidence links workplace injustice to unhealthy behaviors. Although not as well studied, studies show that workplace injustice can influence workers' health through effects on workers' family life and job-related outcomes.

CONCLUSION:

Injustice is a key contributor to occupational health injustice and prospective studies with oversample of disadvantaged workers and refinement of methods for characterizing workplace injustices are needed.

KEYWORDS:

bullying; discrimination; health disparities; sexual harassment; workplace abuse

PMID:
23813664
PMCID:
PMC3884002
DOI:
10.1002/ajim.22221
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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