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Sci Rep. 2013;3:2035. doi: 10.1038/srep02035.

Intrinsic disorder in PTEN and its interactome confers structural plasticity and functional versatility.

Author information

1
Morsani College of Medicine, Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, USA

Abstract

IDPs, while structurally poor, are functionally rich by virtue of their flexibility and modularity. However, how mutations in IDPs elicit diseases, remain elusive. Herein, we have identified tumor suppressor PTEN as an intrinsically disordered protein (IDP) and elucidated the molecular principles by which its intrinsically disordered region (IDR) at the carboxyl-terminus (C-tail) executes its functions. Post-translational modifications, conserved eukaryotic linear motifs and molecular recognition features present in the C-tail IDR enhance PTEN's protein-protein interactions that are required for its myriad cellular functions. PTEN primary and secondary interactomes are also enriched in IDPs, most being cancer related, revealing that PTEN functions emanate from and are nucleated by the C-tail IDR, which form pliable network-hubs. Together, PTEN higher order functional networks operate via multiple IDP-IDP interactions facilitated by its C-tail IDR. Targeting PTEN IDR and its interaction hubs emerges as a new paradigm for treatment of PTEN related pathologies.

PMID:
23783762
PMCID:
PMC3687229
DOI:
10.1038/srep02035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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