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Genes Immun. 2013 Jun;14(4):271-6. doi: 10.1038/gene.2013.10. Epub 2013 Mar 28.

Intrinsic bias and public rearrangements in the human immunoglobulin Vλ light chain repertoire.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.


The immunoglobulin lambda (IGL) repertoires from two unrelated human blood samples, three NOD-scid-IL2Rγ(null) mice engrafted with human hematopoietic stem cells and two pairs of monozygotic twin blood samples were determined by Roche 454 sequencing to generate a total of about 700 000 IGL sequences. We applied bioinformatic analysis to examine IGL repertoires wherein, surprisingly, 20% of CDR-L3 peptide sequences were 'public' (shared across individuals); moreover, full-length IGL protein sequences (VJ recombinants) were also present in the public domain. Subtle yet significant differences in CDR-L3 nontemplated nucleotide addition, IGL V-gene family usage, and amino-acid composition distinguished the public CDR-L3 groups from the private groups. These data suggest that public CDR-L3 intervals can arise by intrinsic genetic mechanisms irrespective of different B-cell developmental milieu (human versus humanized mouse). Furthermore, the occurrence of identical public IGL protein sequences indirectly suggest the positive selection (evolutionary, somatic or both) of particular IGL chains independent of the immunoglobulin heavy chain.

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