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Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2013 Oct;23(5):854-63. doi: 10.1016/j.conb.2013.02.008. Epub 2013 Mar 20.

Sleep deprivation and neurobehavioral dynamics.

Author information

1
Unit of Experimental Psychiatry, Division of Sleep and Chronobiology, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address: basner@upenn.edu.

Abstract

Lifestyles involving sleep deprivation are common, despite mounting evidence that both acute total sleep deprivation and chronically restricted sleep degrade neurobehavioral functions associated with arousal, attention, memory and state stability. Current research suggests dynamic differences in the way the central nervous system responds to acute versus chronic sleep restriction, which is reflected in new models of sleep-wake regulation. Chronic sleep restriction likely induces long-term neuromodulatory changes in brain physiology that could explain why recovery from it may require more time than from acute sleep loss. High intraclass correlations in neurobehavioral responses to sleep loss suggest that these trait-like differences are phenotypic and may include genetic components. Sleep deprivation induces changes in brain metabolism and neural activation that involve distributed networks and connectivity.

PMID:
23523374
PMCID:
PMC3700596
DOI:
10.1016/j.conb.2013.02.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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