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Plant Cell. 2013 Jan;25(1):38-55. doi: 10.1105/tpc.112.106062. Epub 2013 Jan 29.

Multifarious roles of intrinsic disorder in proteins illustrate its broad impact on plant biology.

Author information

1
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research, Palmerston North 4474, New Zealand. xiaolin.sun@plantandfood.co.nz

Abstract

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are highly abundant in eukaryotic proteomes. Plant IDPs play critical roles in plant biology and often act as integrators of signals from multiple plant regulatory and environmental inputs. Binding promiscuity and plasticity allow IDPs to interact with multiple partners in protein interaction networks and provide important functional advantages in molecular recognition through transient protein-protein interactions. Short interaction-prone segments within IDPs, termed molecular recognition features, represent potential binding sites that can undergo disorder-to-order transition upon binding to their partners. In this review, we summarize the evidence for the importance of IDPs in plant biology and evaluate the functions associated with intrinsic disorder in five different types of plant protein families experimentally confirmed as IDPs. Functional studies of these proteins illustrate the broad impact of disorder on many areas of plant biology, including abiotic stress, transcriptional regulation, light perception, and development. Based on the roles of disorder in the protein-protein interactions, we propose various modes of action for plant IDPs that may provide insight for future experimental approaches aimed at understanding the molecular basis of protein function within important plant pathways.

PMID:
23362206
PMCID:
PMC3584547
DOI:
10.1105/tpc.112.106062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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