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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013 Jan 11;430(2):629-33. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.11.101. Epub 2012 Dec 5.

lncRNA expression signatures in response to enterovirus 71 infection.

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Institute of Genetic Engineering, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.


Outbreaks of hand, foot, and mouth disease caused by enterovirus 71 (EV71) have become considerable threats to the health of infants and young children. To identify the cellular long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) involved in the host response to EV71 infection, we performed comprehensive lncRNA and mRNA profiling in EV71-infected rhabdomyosarcoma cells through microarray. We observed the differential expression of more than 4800 lncRNAs during infection. Further analysis showed 160 regulated enhancer-like lncRNA and nearby mRNA pairs, as well as 313 regulated Rinn's lncRNA [M. Guttman I. Amit, M. Garber, C. French, M.F. Lin, D. Feldser, M. Huarte, O. Zuk, B.W. Carey, J.P. Cassady, M.N. Cabili, R. Jaenisch, T.S. Mikkelsen, T. Jacks, N. Hacohen, B.E. Bernstein, M. Kellis, A. Regev, J.L. Rinn, E.S. Lander. Chromatin signature reveals over a thousand highly conserved large non-coding RNAs in mammals. Nature 458 (2009) 223-227, A.M. Khalil, M. Guttman, M. Huarte, M. Garber, A. Raj, D. Rivea Morales, K. Thomas, A. Presser, B.E. Bernstein, A. van Oudenaarden, A. Regev, E.S. Lander, J.L. Rinn. Many human large intergenic noncoding RNAs associate with chromatin-modifying complexes and affect gene expression. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106 (2009) 11667-11672] and nearby mRNA pairs. The results provided information for further research on the prevention and treatment of EV71 infection, as well as on distinguishing severe and mild EV71 cases.

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