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Muscle Nerve. 2013 Jan;47(1):61-7. doi: 10.1002/mus.23467. Epub 2012 Oct 5.

Relationship between cervical cord 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy and clinoco-electromyographic profile in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

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Department of Neurology, Toho University Omori Medical Center, 6-11-1, Omorinishi, Otaku, Tokyo, 143-8541, Japan.



Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the loss of motor neurons, leading to limb paralysis and respiratory failure.


C1-C3 cord (1) H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1) H-MRS) was performed in 19 patients with ALS and 20 controls. N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline-containing compounds, creatine plus phosphocreatine (Cr), and myo-Inositol (m-Ins) were measured. ALS functional rating scale-revised (ALSFRS) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were assessed. The rates of decline were calculated at 6 months before and after (1) H-MRS.


NAA/Cr and NAA/m-Ins were decreased significantly, and m-Ins/Cr was increased significantly in ALS patients compared with controls. NAA/Cr and NAA/m-Ins were correlated with ALSFRS and FVC and inversely linked to the decline rates. NAA/Cr, NAA/m-Ins, and m-Ins/Cr were altered markedly in 9 patients with denervation and neurogenic changes in both C2 paraspinal and upper limb muscles.


These metabolite ratios were associated with disease progression and ongoing denervation in neck and hand muscles. C1-C3 cord (1) H-MRS might reflect anterior horn cell damage causing neck/arm weakness and respiratory dysfunction in ALS patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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