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Muscle Nerve. 2013 Jan;47(1):61-7. doi: 10.1002/mus.23467. Epub 2012 Oct 5.

Relationship between cervical cord 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy and clinoco-electromyographic profile in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Toho University Omori Medical Center, 6-11-1, Omorinishi, Otaku, Tokyo, 143-8541, Japan. keni@med.toho-u.ac.jp

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the loss of motor neurons, leading to limb paralysis and respiratory failure.

METHODS:

C1-C3 cord (1) H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1) H-MRS) was performed in 19 patients with ALS and 20 controls. N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline-containing compounds, creatine plus phosphocreatine (Cr), and myo-Inositol (m-Ins) were measured. ALS functional rating scale-revised (ALSFRS) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were assessed. The rates of decline were calculated at 6 months before and after (1) H-MRS.

RESULTS:

NAA/Cr and NAA/m-Ins were decreased significantly, and m-Ins/Cr was increased significantly in ALS patients compared with controls. NAA/Cr and NAA/m-Ins were correlated with ALSFRS and FVC and inversely linked to the decline rates. NAA/Cr, NAA/m-Ins, and m-Ins/Cr were altered markedly in 9 patients with denervation and neurogenic changes in both C2 paraspinal and upper limb muscles.

CONCLUSIONS:

These metabolite ratios were associated with disease progression and ongoing denervation in neck and hand muscles. C1-C3 cord (1) H-MRS might reflect anterior horn cell damage causing neck/arm weakness and respiratory dysfunction in ALS patients.

PMID:
23042532
DOI:
10.1002/mus.23467
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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