Send to

Choose Destination
Mucosal Immunol. 2013 Mar;6(2):347-57. doi: 10.1038/mi.2012.77. Epub 2012 Aug 15.

IL-9-producing invariant NKT cells protect against DSS-induced colitis in an IL-4-dependent manner.

Author information

Department of Pathology and Laboratory of Immune Regulation in Department of Biomedical Sciences, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Although the T-helper type 9 (Th9) subset has recently been revisited, interleukin (IL)-9-producing invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells remain poorly characterized. Moreover, whether IL-9-producing iNKT cells regulate colitis is unknown. Here, we investigated functions of IL-9-producing iNKT cells in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Wild-type (WT) mice attenuated colitis compared to Jα18(-/-) mice, which were restored by the adoptive transfer of WT, but not IL-4-deficient iNKT cells. IL-4-deficient iNKT cells failed to produce IL-9, which was reversed by recombinant IL-4. Furthermore, iNKT cells, pre-incubated with anti-CD3+CD28 monoclonal antibodies and IL-4+tumor growth factor (TGF)-β (IL-9(+) iNKT), suppressed colitis in Jα18(-/-) mice, whereas pre-incubated IL-4-deficient iNKT cells did not. IL-9 blockade reversed IL-9(+) iNKT cell-mediated colitis by increasing colonic IL-17A and interferon (IFN)-γ transcripts, but decreasing IL-9, IL-10, TGF-β, PU.1, IFN regulatory factor 4, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 in Jα18(-/-) mice. In conclusion, IL-9-producing iNKT cells protect against DSS-induced colitis through IFN-γ and IL-17A suppression, but IL-10 and TGF-β enhancement, depending on the IL-4 production by iNKT cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center