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Acta Odontol Scand. 2012 May;70(3):194-201. doi: 10.3109/00016357.2011.629624. Epub 2011 Nov 10.

Dental developmental disturbances in 50 individuals with the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome; relation to medical conditions?

Author information

1
National Resource Centre for Oral Health in Rare Medical Conditions, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Oslo, Norway. hilde.nordgarden@tako.no

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aims of the study were to examine tooth and enamel disturbances in individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome and to analyze associations with medical conditions, birth characteristics and blood values of calcium and PTH.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Fifty individuals participated in the study (27 females, median age 10 years, range 1.5-44). Congenital absence of teeth was studied on orthopantomograms; 1148 teeth were examined, both clinically and radiologically, and enamel hypomineralizations and hypoplasias were recorded. Medical history and findings were recorded as part of a larger study on the manifestations of 22q11.2-deletion syndrome in Norway.

RESULTS:

Tooth agenesis was observed in 15% of study participants. Sixty-six percent of the participants and 26.0% of teeth presented with enamel disturbances. Of these, 12 individuals (24.0%) and 215 teeth (18.7%) had hypomineralizations and four individuals (8.0%) and 86 teeth (7.5%) had hypoplasias. Seventeen participants (34.0%) presented with both types of disturbance, but rarely in the same tooth. Only two teeth (0.17%) had both types of disturbance. Hypomineralizations were twice as frequent in permanent as in primary teeth. No correlations were found to medical conditions, except that participants with congenital cardiac anomalies presented with fewer total enamel disturbances and hypomineralizations in permanent teeth than those without.

CONCLUSIONS:

Enamel disturbances were frequently seen. There were more hypomineralizations than hypoplasias. Hypoparathyroidism and/or hypocalcemia are not clear etiological factors for enamel disturbances and there were no major correlations between medical conditions and enamel disturbances.

PMID:
22070626
DOI:
10.3109/00016357.2011.629624
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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