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Cognition. 2012 Jan;122(1):67-73. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2011.08.003. Epub 2011 Sep 8.

Emerging bilingualism: dissociating advantages for metalinguistic awareness and executive control.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele St., M3J 1P3, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ellenb@yorku.ca

Abstract

The present studies revealed different factors associated with the reported advantages found in fully bilingual children for metalinguistic awareness and executive control. Participants were 100 children in Study 1 and 80 children in Study 2 in the process of becoming bilingual by attending immersion programs. In both studies, level of proficiency in the language of testing was related to performance on metalinguistic tasks and length of time in the immersion program was related to performance on executive control tasks. This dissociation is consistent with models of lifespan development that distinguish between representational structure and executive control.

PMID:
21906732
PMCID:
PMC3215830
DOI:
10.1016/j.cognition.2011.08.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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