Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Neurosci. 2011 Jun 15;31(24):8870-82. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6200-10.2011.

Ionic dynamics mediate spontaneous termination of seizures and postictal depression state.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA.

Abstract

Epileptic seizures are characterized by periods of recurrent, highly synchronized activity that spontaneously terminates, followed by postictal state when neuronal activity is generally depressed. The mechanisms for spontaneous seizure termination and postictal depression remain poorly understood. Using a realistic computational model, we demonstrate that termination of seizure and postictal depression state may be mediated by dynamics of the intracellular and extracellular ion concentrations. Spontaneous termination was linked to progressive increase of intracellular sodium concentration mediated by activation of sodium channels during highly active epileptic state. In contrast, an increase of intracellular chloride concentration extended seizure duration making possible long-lasting epileptic activity characterized by multiple transitions between tonic and clonic states. After seizure termination, the extracellular potassium was reduced below baseline, resulting in postictal depression. Our study suggests that the coupled dynamics of sodium, potassium, and chloride ions play a critical role in the development and termination of seizures. Findings from this study could help identify novel therapeutics for seizure disorder.

PMID:
21677171
PMCID:
PMC3163257
DOI:
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6200-10.2011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center