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Magn Reson Med. 2011 Jul;66(1):135-43. doi: 10.1002/mrm.22797. Epub 2011 Feb 17.

Head motion detection using FID navigators.

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Laboratory for Functional and Metabolic Imaging, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland.


This work explores a concept for motion detection in brain MR examinations using high channel-count RF coil arrays. It applies ultrashort (<100 μsec) free induction decay signals, making use of the knowledge that motion induces variations in these signals when compared to a reference free induction decay signal. As a proof-of-concept, the method was implemented in a standard structural MRI sequence. The stability of the free induction decay-signal was verified in phantom experiments. Human experiments demonstrated that the observed variations in the navigator data provide a sensitive measure for detection of relevant and common subject motion patterns. The proposed methodology provides a means to monitor subject motion throughout a MRI scan while causing little or no impact on the sequence timing and image contrast. It could hence complement available motion detection and correction methods, thus further reducing motion sensitivity in MR applications.

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