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J Biol Chem. 2011 Feb 11;286(6):4517-24. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.159590. Epub 2010 Dec 3.

A novel Toll-like receptor that recognizes vesicular stomatitis virus.

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Center for Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases at Institute of Biosciences and Technology, Texas A&M University Health Science Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are the key molecular sensors used by the mammalian innate immune system to detect various types of pathogens. Tlr13 is a novel and uncharacterized member of the mammalian TLR family. Here we report the cloning and characterization of tlr13. Tlr13 is predominantly expressed in the spleen, particularly in dendritic cells and macrophages. Tlr13 appears to activate a MyD88- and TAK1-dependent TLR signaling pathway, inducing the activation of NF-κB. This receptor can also activate type 1 interferon through IRF7. Furthermore, Tlr13 seems to be another intracellular TLR. Remarkably, cells expressing tlr13 fail to respond to known TLR ligands but instead respond specifically to vesicular stomatitis virus. Cells with the knockdown of tlr13 are highly susceptible to vesicular stomatitis virus infection. Thus, these results provide an important insight into the potential role of the novel Toll-like receptor tlr13 in the recognition of viral infection.

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