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Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Oct;83(4):834-7. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0075.

Large variation in detection of histidine-rich protein 2 in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Colombia.

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Centro Internacional de Entrenamiento e Investigaciones Médicas, Cali, Colombia.

Erratum in

  • Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Dec;83(6):1356.


Most rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) available use histidine-rich protein 2 (HRP2) as a target. However, it has been reported that sequence variations of this protein affects its sensitivity. Currently, there is insufficient evidence for HRP2 variability in Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Colombia and its relationship with RDT performance. To determine possible geographic differences and their effects on the performance of RDTs, 22 blood samples from patients with P. falciparum malaria from Tumaco and Buenaventura, Colombia were assessed by measurement of HRP2 concentration by an HRP2 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, RDTs, and thick blood smear. Statistical analysis showed an association between RDT performance and HRP2 concentrations. No significant difference was found between locations. A large variation of antigen concentration in samples was found at same parasitemia. In contrast to previously reports, there was no correlation between initial parasitemia and HRP2 concentration. Our results indicate that antigen quantity should be studied more carefully because the sensitivity of the RDT is affected more by antigen concentration than by parasitemia.

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