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Virus Res. 2010 Jan;147(1):153-7. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2009.10.020. Epub 2009 Nov 6.

The interferon antagonistic activities of the V proteins from two strains of Newcastle disease virus correlate with their known virulence properties.

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Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.


Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an avian paramyxovirus that exists as hundreds of strains with widely different virulence properties. The NDV V protein exhibits interferon (IFN) antagonistic activity, which contributes to the virulence of the virus. The IFN-antagonistic activities of the V proteins from the avirulent strain La Sota and the moderately virulent strain Beaudette C (BC) were compared in an assay for the rescue of a recombinant NDV expressing the green fluorescent protein (NDV-GFP). Consistent with the virulence properties of the two viruses, the BC V protein exhibits a 4-fold greater ability to rescue replication of NDV-GFP than the La Sota V protein. Four amino acid differences in the C-terminal region of V, as well as the N-terminal region, contribute to the difference in IFN-antagonistic activity between the two V proteins.

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