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Nat Med. 2009 Sep;15(9):1088-92. doi: 10.1038/nm.1966. Epub 2009 Aug 16.

A rapid and efficient single-cell manipulation method for screening antigen-specific antibody-secreting cells from human peripheral blood.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.

Abstract

Antigen-specific human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are key candidates for therapeutic agents. However, the availability of a suitable screening system for antigen-specific antibody-secreting cells (ASCs) is limited in humans. Here we present a unique method for detecting individual ASCs using microwell array chips, which enables the analysis of live cells on a single-cell basis and offers a rapid, efficient and high-throughput (up to 234,000 individual cells) system for identifying and recovering objective ASCs. We applied the system to detect and retrieve ASCs for hepatitis B virus and influenza viruses from human peripheral blood lymphocytes and produced human mAbs with virus-neutralizing activities within a week. Furthermore, we show that the system is useful for detecting ASCs for multiple antigens as well as for selection of ASCs secreting high-affinity antibodies on a chip. Our method can open the way for the generation of therapeutic antibodies for individual patients.

PMID:
19684583
DOI:
10.1038/nm.1966
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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