Send to

Choose Destination
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2009 Jun;40(2):317-28. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2009.01.002. Epub 2009 Jan 14.

A schema-focused approach to group psychotherapy for outpatients with borderline personality disorder: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Center for Borderline Personality Disorder Treatment & Research, Larue D. Carter Memorial Hospital, Indianapolis, IN 46222, USA.


This study tests the effectiveness of adding an eight-month, thirty-session schema-focused therapy (SFT) group to treatment-as-usual (TAU) individual psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder (BPD). Patients (N=32) were randomly assigned to SFT-TAU and TAU alone. Dropout was 0% SFT, 25% TAU. Significant reductions in BPD symptoms and global severity of psychiatric symptoms, and improved global functioning with large treatment effect sizes were found in the SFT-TAU group. At the end of treatment, 94% of SFT-TAU compared to 16% of TAU no longer met BPD diagnosis criteria (p<.001). This study supports group SFT as an effective treatment for BPD that leads to recovery and improved overall functioning.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center