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Brain Res. 1991 Jun 21;552(1):141-52.

The amphetamine conditioned place preference: differential involvement of dopamine receptor subtypes and two dopaminergic terminal areas.

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Department of Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Que., Canada.


We investigated involvement of dopamine receptor subtypes and two dopaminergic terminal areas in the acquisition and the expression of the amphetamine conditioned place preference (CPP). When injected systemically before conditioning, both D1 and D2 dopamine antagonists blocked acquisition in a dose-dependent manner. When injected systemically before testing, the effects of the same D1 and D2 antagonists differed. The selective D1 antagonist SCH23390 dose-dependently blocked expression of the previously established conditioned behavior within the dose range that also blocked acquisition. In contrast, D2 antagonists failed to block expression of the amphetamine CPP at doses which blocked acquisition. Expression was, however, blocked by higher doses of D2 antagonists, which may have lost their selectivity for the D2 dopamine receptor. The expression of the CPP was also blocked by microinjections of SCH23390 or sulpiride into nucleus accumbens, but not into striatum. In a control experiment, sodium pentobarbital, which significantly reduced spontaneous locomotor activity in a manner similar to the higher doses of the dopamine antagonists, had no effect on the expression of the amphetamine CPP when given before testing. Finally, electrolytic lesions of the dorsal striatum potentiated the amphetamine CPP. These findings indicate that the dopamine released by amphetamine interacts with both D1 and D2 dopamine receptors to establish a CPP, but that the expression of the CPP may involve activation of the D1 dopamine receptor in the nucleus accumbens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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