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Ambul Pediatr. 2007 Sep-Oct;7(5):390-5.

Differences in pediatric preventive care counseling by provider type.

Author information

1
The Urban Institute, Washington, DC 20037, USA. cperry@ui.urban.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Many children in the United States do not receive advice about health behaviors and injury prevention during routine preventive care visits. We investigated the role of provider type in the probability of receiving advice.

METHODS:

We analyzed children aged 3 to 17 in the Medical Expenditure Panel Data 2002 to 2003 surveys who had only 1 preventive clinic or office visit in the past year. We examined whether provider type affects whether the child is advised about healthy eating, physical activity, the harmful effects of smoking in the home, proper safety restraints in a car, and use of a helmet when riding a bicycle.

RESULTS:

Pediatricians were more likely to advise about healthy eating (63.6% vs 46.8% for other physicians and 41.1% for nonphysicians; P < .01). They were also more likely than nonphysicians to advise about exercise (40.1% vs 22.2%), the harmful effects of parental smoking (42.4% vs 21.4%), proper safety restraints in a car (39.9% vs 20.5%), and use of a bicycle helmet (45.7% vs 20.9%). Regardless of provider type, rates of advice were low.

CONCLUSION:

Many pediatric providers, particularly those not trained as pediatricians, are missing opportunities to advise about health behaviors and injury prevention.

PMID:
17870648
DOI:
10.1016/j.ambp.2007.06.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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