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J Immunol. 2007 Sep 15;179(6):3851-8.

Zap70 signaling pathway mediates glucocorticoid receptor-dependent transcriptional activation: role in the regulation of annexin 1 expression in T cells.

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Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, SAIC-Frederick, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.


We have recently shown that Zap70 is important in retinoid receptor-dependent transactivation in T lymphocytes. We report that Zap70 signaling is also essential in dexamethasone-inducible glucocorticoid receptor (GR)-mediated transactivation in T lymphocytes. Zap70-negative Jurkat T cells and cells reconstituted with inactive Zap70 exhibited attenuated GR-mediated activation as compared with Zap70 reconstituted and wild-type cells. Lck-lacking Jurkat cells were also found to show markedly reduced GR activation, and reconstitution with Lck restored the activation. Gene array and protein analysis showed that the level of annexin 1 (ANXA1), an anti-inflammatory protein known to be induced and released by the glucocorticoid action, was significantly reduced in Zap70-negative and Zap70-inactive Jurkat cells as compared with wild-type cells. Lck-lacking cells were also found to have markedly reduced ANXA1 levels and reconstitution with Lck restored the ANXA1 expression. RNA interference-induced knockdown of Zap70 or Lck in Jurkat cells and peripheral blood T lymphocytes also resulted in the loss of ANXA1 expression. Transcriptional analysis revealed that dexamethasone-inducible GR-mediated activation of ANXA1 promoter was compromised in both Zap70 knocked down peripheral blood T cells and Zap70 or Lck-deficient/Lck-inactive Jurkat cells, indicating an essential role of these kinases in GR-mediated ANXA1 promoter activation in T lymphocytes. To summarize, our data demonstrate an important role for Zap70 signaling in GR-mediated transactivation in T lymphocytes and also point out a crucial role of this kinase in maintaining normal ANXA1 levels in these cells.

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