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Behav Ther. 2007 Sep;38(3):284-302. Epub 2007 May 9.

Delineating components of emotion and its dysregulation in anxiety and mood psychopathology.

Author information

1
Departmentof Psychology, Yale University, P.O. Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. doug.mennin@yale.edu

Abstract

Two studies sought to elucidate the components of emotion and its dysregulation and examine their role in both the overlap and distinctness of the symptoms of 3 highly comorbid anxiety and mood disorders (i.e., generalized anxiety disorder, major depression, and social anxiety disorder). In Study 1, exploratory factor analyses demonstrated that 4 factors--heightened intensity of emotions, poor understanding of emotions, negative reactivity to emotions, and maladaptive management of emotions--best reflected the structure of 4 commonly used measures of emotion function and dysregulation. In Study 2, a separate sample provided support for this 4-factor model of emotion dysregulation. Poor understanding, negative reactivity, and maladaptive management were found to relate to a latent factor of emotion dysregulation. In contrast, heightened intensity of emotions was better characterized separately, suggesting it may relate more strongly to dispositional emotion generation or emotionality. Finally, the 4 components demonstrated both common and specific relationships to self-reported symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder, major depression, and social anxiety disorder.

PMID:
17697853
DOI:
10.1016/j.beth.2006.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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