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Free Radic Biol Med. 2007 Sep 1;43(5):658-77. Epub 2007 Jun 13.

Roles of amyloid beta-peptide-associated oxidative stress and brain protein modifications in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA.


Oxidative stress has been implicated to play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders, cancer, and ischemia, just to name a few. Alzheimer disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder that is recognized as the most common form of dementia. AD is histopathologically characterized by the presence of extracellular amyloid plaques, intracellular neurofibrillary tangles, the presence of oligomers of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta), and synapse loss. In this review we discuss the role of Abeta in the pathogenesis of AD and also the use of redox proteomics to identify oxidatively modified brain proteins in AD and mild cognitive impairment. In addition, redox proteomics studies in in vivo models of AD centered around human Abeta(1-42) are discussed.

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