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Altern Med Rev. 2007 Jun;12(2):146-51.

EEG biofeedback in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

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Washington State Toxicology Laboratory, Forensic Laboratory Services Bureau Suit 360, 2203 Airport Way South, Seattle, WA 98134, USA.


Electroencephalogram (EEG) biofeedback, also known as neurofeedback, is a promising alternative treatment for patients with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD). EEG biofeedback therapy rewards scalp EEG frequencies that are associated with relaxed attention, and suppresses frequencies associated with under- or over-arousal. In large-scale clinical trials, the efficacy of EEG biofeedback for AD/HD is comparable to that of stimulant medications. Many different EEG biofeedback protocols for AD/HD are available. Single-channel protocols developed by Lubar and interhemispheric protocols developed by the Othmers are widely practiced and supported by large-scale clinical studies.

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