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Eur Cytokine Netw. 2007 Jun;18(2):78-85. Epub 2007 Jun 26.

Short-term lipopolysaccharide stimulation induces differentiation of murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells into a tolerogenic phenotype.

Author information

1
Programa Disciplinario de Inmunología, Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas (ICBM), Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional, antigen-presenting cells, which induce and regulate T cell reactivity. DCs are crucial in innate and adaptive immune responses, and are also involved in central and peripheral tolerance induction. Tolerance can be mediated by immature and semi-mature DCs expressing low levels of co-stimulator and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of short-term lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation to modulate the stage of differentiation of bone marrow-derived DCs. For this purpose, DCs obtained from DBA1/lacJ mice were stimulated for four (4hLPS/DCs) or 24 (24hLPS/DCs) hours with LPS, using DCs without stimulation (0hLPS/DCs) as a control. Flow cytometry analysis of 4hLPS/DCs showed intermediate CD40 and MHC class II expression, lower than that of 24hLPS/DCs (fully mature), and greater than that of 0hLPS/DCs (immature). A functional assay showed that 4hLPS/DCs displayed increased endocytotic ability compared to 24hLPS/DCs, indicating a semi-mature state. 4hLPS/DCs were greater producers of IL-10 protein and TGFbeta1 mRNA than 24hLPS/DCs and immature DCs, displaying a cytokine production pattern that is characteristic of tolerogenic DCs. An assay for antigen-presenting capacity demonstrated that 4hLPS/DCs induced secretion of IL-2 from an OTH4 T cell hybridoma, indicating a functional presenting activity. Finally, the tolerogenic phenotype of 4hLPS/DCs was demonstrated by their ability to interfere with the progression of bovine type II collagen (bII)-induced arthritis (CIA) when they were loaded with bCII antigen and injected into mice with established CIA. We conclude that the stimulation of murine bone marrow-derived DCs with LPS for four hours generates semi-mature DCs with tolerogenic capability.

PMID:
17594940
DOI:
10.1684/ecn.2007.0089
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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