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Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2007 Aug;21(4):253-6.

Myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury is attenuated by intact glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in the in vitro rat heart and may involve the p70s6K pathway.

Author information

1
The Hatter Institute and Centre for Cardiology, University College London Hospital & Medical School, Grafton Way, London, WC1E, UK. amal@doctors.net.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND METHODS:

Glucagon Like Peptide-1 (GLP-1), one of the most potent incretin hormones, has potential beneficial actions on the ischaemic and failing heart. This study sought to further identify the mechanisms of action of GLP-1 on the ischaemic heart using an in vitro isolated perfused rat heart model of ischaemic-reperfusion injury (measuring infarct size to area of risk (%)) subjected to 35 min regional ischaemia and 2 h reperfusion. To examine the effect of intact GLP-1 we used an inhibitor of GLP-1 breakdown, Valine pyrrolidide (VP). The downstream target of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase includes the mTOR/p70s6 kinase pathway which was pharmacologically inhibited by rapamycin.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:

GLP-1 alone did not decrease myocardial infarction (54.4 +/- 3.1%). VP alone did not decrease myocardial infarction (52.5 +/- 4%). GLP-1 in the presence of VP produced significant reduction in myocardial infarction compared to control hearts (28.4 +/- 2.7% vs. 56.4 +/- 3.9% vs. P < 0.05). Inhibiting p70s6 Kinase with rapamycin completely abolished GLP-1 induced protection (57.1 +/- 4.9% vs. 28.4 +/- 2.7% P < 0.05). There was no detectable increase in the phosphorylated p70s6k after either 5 or 10 min of treatment with GLP-1/VP or with VP alone in comparison to control blots. In conclusion we show for the first time that the protective effects of GLP-1 are mediated by intact GLP-1 and can be inhibited by blocking the p70s6 kinase.

PMID:
17541736
DOI:
10.1007/s10557-007-6030-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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