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Life Sci. 2007 Apr 17;80(19):1729-37. Epub 2007 Mar 2.

Chronic metabolic acidosis upregulated claudin mRNA expression in the duodenal enterocytes of female rats.

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Department of Physiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Rama VI Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand.


Previous investigations showed that chronic metabolic acidosis (CMA) increased the paracellular permeability of ion and neutral hydrophilic molecules in the duodenum of rats and small intestinal-like cell lines. Since proteins of the claudin family have been known to regulate the paracellular transport in several epithelia, an increase in the paracellular permeability during CMA may have resulted from changes in the pattern of claudin expression. The present study aimed to investigate the expression profile of 22 claudins in the duodenum of female Sprague-Dawley rats given 1.5% NH(4)Cl for 21 days to induce CMA. Arterial blood gas analysis revealed plasma pH values of 7.40 in normal rats and 7.31 in acidotic rats. Blood chemistry showed increases in the total plasma calcium, free-ionized calcium and magnesium, indicating a typical adaptive response of animals to CMA. RT-PCR demonstrated mRNA expressions of claudin-1 to -12, -14, -15, -17 to -20, -22 and -23 in duodenum of normal rats. Claudin-16 was not expressed in normal duodenum, but was strongly expressed in the kidney. Claudin-13 expression was seen only in the cecum, colon, liver and kidney of mice. After 21-day CMA, mRNA expressions of claudin-2, -3, -6, -8, -11, -12, -14, -19 and -22 were significantly enhanced, whereas expressions of other claudins were not changed. Confocal laser-scanning microscopy demonstrated that duodenal enterocytes of normal rats expressed claudin-3 protein on the paracellular membrane. The distribution of claudin-3 protein along the paracellular membrane was markedly increased in CMA, especially near the apical surface. Our results, therefore, provided novel evidence that 21-day CMA markedly altered claudin profile in the duodenum of rats by upregulating specific claudin expression.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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