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Vet Surg. 2007 Jan;36(1):37-42.

Incidence of pulmonary embolism after non-cemented total hip arthroplasty in eleven dogs: computed tomographic pulmonary angiography and pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy.

Author information

1
Affiliated Veterinary Specialists, Maitland, FL 32751, USA. sweett8383@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) in 11 dogs that had non-cemented total hip replacement (THR) to that reported in dogs after cemented THR.

STUDY DESIGN:

Prospective clinical study.

ANIMALS:

Large mixed breed dogs (n=11).

METHODS:

Thoracic computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTA) was performed on all dogs pre- and postoperatively. Pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy was performed postoperatively.

RESULTS:

PE was not identified on postoperative CTA or pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy.

CONCLUSIONS:

The incidence of PE after non-cemented THR in these 11 dogs, as evaluated with pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy and thoracic CTA was lower than reported in dogs undergoing cemented THR.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

Based on the results of this study the incidence of PE as a complication of total hip arthroplasty is reduced when a non-cemented system is used.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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