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Electrophoresis. 2007 Feb;28(3):406-13.

Construction of an antibody microarray based on agarose-coated slides.

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Institute of Nephrology, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.


The antibody microarray, a high-throughput multiplex immunoassay method, has become a significant tool for quantitative proteomics studies. We describe here the strategies for optimizing the condition of antibody microarray building based on agarose-coated slides. In this study, modified glass slides were robotically printed with capture antibodies against monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), then dilutions of the cytokine were applied to the arrays, and the protein was detected with biotin-labeled antibody coupled with Cy3-conjugated streptavidin. Thus a protein profiling microarray based on sandwich immunoassay has been established. Various factors in the production of antibody microarrays were analyzed: the capture antibody concentrations, shelf life of the postprinting slides, blocking buffers, and reproducibility of the system. A calibration curve with a correlation coefficient of 0.9995 was established which suggested that the matrix can retain arrayed proteins in near-quantitative fashion. The results revealed high signal uniformity and reproducibility with regard to intra-array (1.3%) and the interarray (8.7%) variation at the capture antibody concentration of 125 microg/mL. Besides, the printed arrays could be stored for at least two months without any apparent change of the performance parameters.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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