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Biochemistry. 2006 Dec 5;45(48):14513-22.

(+/-)-(1S,2R,5S)-5-Amino-2-fluorocyclohex-3-enecarboxylic acid. A potent GABA aminotransferase inactivator that irreversibly inhibits via an elimination-aromatization pathway.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Center for Drug Discovery and Chemical Biology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208-3113, USA.

Abstract

Inhibition of gamma-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase (GABA-AT) increases the concentration of GABA, an inhibitory neurotransmitter in human brain, which could have therapeutic applications for a variety of neurological diseases, including epilepsy. On the basis of studies of several previously synthesized conformationally restricted GABA-AT inhibitors, (+/-)-(1S,2R,5S)-5-amino-2-fluorocyclohex-3-enecarboxylic acid (12) was designed as a mechanism-based inactivator. This compound was shown to irreversibly inhibit GABA-AT; substrate protects the enzyme from inactivation. Mechanistic experiments demonstrated the loss of one fluoride ion per active site during inactivation and the formation of N-m-carboxyphenylpyridoxamine 5'-phosphate (26), the same product generated by inactivation of GABA-AT by gabaculine (8). An elimination-aromatization mechanism is proposed to account for these results.

PMID:
17128990
PMCID:
PMC2570588
DOI:
10.1021/bi061592m
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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