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Endocrinology. 2007 Mar;148(3):1089-98. Epub 2006 Nov 16.

Protein kinase Czeta is required for oleic acid-induced secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 by intestinal endocrine L cells.

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Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, 1 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A8.


Long-chain, monounsaturated fatty acids (FAs) stimulate secretion of the incretin hormone, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) from the intestinal L cell. Because the atypical protein kinase C (PKC), PKCzeta, is involved in FA signaling in many cells, the role of PKCzeta in FA-induced GLP-1 secretion was investigated, using the murine GLUTag L cell line and primary rat intestinal L cells. GLUTag cells expressed mRNA for several PKC isoforms, including PKCzeta, and PKCzeta protein was localized throughout the cytoplasm in GLUTag and primary L cells as well as normal mouse and rat L cells. Treatment with oleic acid (150-1000 microm) for 2 h increased GLP-1 secretion (P < 0.001), and this was abrogated by the PKCzeta inhibitor ZI (P < 0.05) and PKCzeta small interfering RNA transfection (P < 0.05) but not inhibition of classical/novel PKC isoforms. Although most PKCzeta was localized in the particulate compartment of GLUTag cells, oleate treatment did not alter PKCzeta levels or activity in this cell fraction. GLUTag cells expressed mRNA for the Gq-coupled FA receptor GPR120; however, oleic acid did not induce any changes in Akt, MAPK, or calcium, and pretreatment with LY294002 and PD98059 to inhibit phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and MAPK, respectively, did not prevent the effects of oleic acid. Finally, GLUTag cells also released GLP-1 in response to arachidonic acid (P < 0.001) but were not affected by other long-chain FAs. These findings demonstrate that PKCzeta is required for oleic acid-induced GLP-1 secretion. This enzyme may therefore serve as a therapeutic target to enhance GLP-1 release in type 2 diabetes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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