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J Hum Genet. 2006;51(12):1126-32. Epub 2006 Sep 29.

Mutations and polymorphisms of Hirschsprung disease candidate genes in Thai patients.

Author information

1
Pediatric Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hadyai, Songkhla, 90110, Thailand. surasak.sa@psu.ac.th

Abstract

Mutation and polymorphism data for Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) varies among ethnic groups. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of RET proto-oncogene (RET) were recently shown to be associated with the disease, and with disease severity, in different populations. In this study, comprehensive analysis of RET, GDNF, EDNRB, ET-3, and SOX-10 genes among sporadic HSCR in Thailand was conducted by standard PCR-SSCP, RFLP, and sequencing methods. Of 41 patients, 30 cases had rectosigmoid disease (RSD) and 11 cases were assigned to the long-segment disease (LSD) group. Four missense mutations of RET, S100M, R231H, T278N, and G533S, were identified in three patients. One novel missense mutation, V111Q, was detected in EDNRB. For ET-3, two novel missense mutations, D166E and C173R, occurred concomitantly in a patient. The incidence of missense mutation was significantly higher in our female HSCR patient than in the male counterpart. Statistical analysis of the SNPs revealed a significant difference between allele distribution of RET L769L in patients in the LSD and RSD groups. The predominant genotype construct of RET A45A/L769L in our HSCR was GG/GG, which is obviously different from results from all previous studies. The GG/GG genotype construct was associated with RSD and with males. The study also detected a variant allele of RET S836S which has never been reported in Asian cohorts.

PMID:
17009072
DOI:
10.1007/s10038-006-0064-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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